It is impossible to imagine good coursework or a diploma in law without a well-developed research methodology. And to use legal methods competently, it is worth getting acquainted with them and understanding the nuances. This is what we will do in the article. Let’s see what research methods exist in jurisprudence and what issues they help to solve. In College, I could easily pay someone to write my research paper to save time.
Methods of scientific research in jurisprudence, like any science, actively uses various methods. Let’s define this concept: A method is a certain set of techniques, approaches, and techniques for achieving goals and objectives. In other words, it is a way that leads to knowledge. Conditionally, all the research methods in the coursework and thesis on jurisprudence can be divided into four groups:
General methods. They reflect basic approaches and can be applied not only in scientific research but also in everyday life.
General scientific methods. They are based on logical laws and can be used in all scientific disciplines. Private scientific, or interdisciplinary methods. These methods can be used to study several subject areas.
Special methods, or highly specialized. They are developed within the framework of a single scientific subject to solve specific tasks. A future lawyer should be well versed in the methods. This is useful not only in studies but also in work Research methods in law.
The main task of a future lawyer is to collect the methodological basis of his dissertation or thesis project from the variety of research methods presented. And in order not to make a mistake in the choice, it is worth understanding which techniques will help to fully disclose the topic stated in the work and achieve the goals and objectives indicated in the introduction.
General research methods in jurisprudence. Jurisprudence actively uses general research methods that are inherent in different sciences. They are necessary to substantiate the central theoretical and practical conclusions. For example, the modelling method helps to create various legal and state phenomena and study their development. The method of comparison is to compare them with each other. And the experimental method is to check how these samples will act under special conditions.
General scientific research methods in jurisprudence. Among the variety of general scientific methods in jurisprudence, the following are most often used: dialectical method; logical method; system method; functional method; system-structural method.
The dialectical method of research in jurisprudence. The dialectical method is based on the basic principles of dialectics, studying state-legal systems and phenomena from the point of view of unity and struggle of opponents. Within its framework, analysis and synthesis are actively used, which help to separate complex phenomena into separate elements and explore their interrelationships.
The logical method of research in jurisprudence. The method assumes that states, their legal systems, and legal phenomena are investigated using formal logic. Deduction and induction, the principles of analogy and identity are used as techniques in this methodology.
The systematic method of research in jurisprudence. At the head of the systematic method is the study of complex legal phenomena as components of a single system. This methodology is used when it is necessary to investigate interacting factors. For example, consider law as a set of various industries, institutions, and regulations.
The functional method of research in jurisprudence. Within the framework of the functional method, researchers specifically study various functions of legal institutions and social phenomena, as well as how they interact with each other. This helps to understand what needs of society are solved by the studied elements.
The system-structural method of research in jurisprudence The system-structural method of research in jurisprudence is the study of state-legal elements as an integral system and hierarchical structure. Being able to see and evaluate systems is an important skill for a lawyer.
System-structural and system methods are very similar. The difference between them is that in the first method, complex legal phenomena are studied not only from a systemic perspective. It places special emphasis on classification and a clear structural component. Private scientific research methods in jurisprudence, private scientific methods are called interdisciplinary for a reason.
This means that they can be used in case studies of different scientific disciplines. For example, in sociology and mathematics, philology and philosophy. Thus, in jurisprudence, the following particular methods can most often be found: cultural method; historical method; sociological method; statistical method; cybernetic method; axiological method; synergetic method.
Let’s take a closer look at the listed research methods in jurisprudence and see how they can be used using examples. The cultural method of research in jurisprudence Within the framework of the cultural method, the law is considered as one of the factors that influence and regulate social and cultural processes in society. For example, it is possible to investigate how legal norms have changed depending on cultural changes in society. And vice versa. And also to understand what place jurisprudence occupies among other socially significant phenomena – religion, ethics, morality.
The historical method of research in jurisprudence. The historical method is one of the most popular in many scientific disciplines. In jurisprudence, he helps to study states and other legal aspects from the point of view of their temporary development. Taking into account the peculiarities of individual epochs, it is possible to understand the logic by which the laws were written and acted.
Here is an example of a historical method of research in jurisprudence. Describing the legal system of the Soviet Union, it is impossible not to point to the materialistic approach proposed by Karl Marx. It was he who had a direct impact on all spheres of life, including law. Karl Marx is a man whose ideas formed the basis of many spheres of life in the USSR
The sociological method of research in jurisprudence. The sociological method explores law and its elements through the prism of social phenomena and processes. And people and their communities are considered as separate subjects of the legal system. For example, it can be used to analyze how legal norms are observed in different strata of society.
Statistical research method in law. Statistical and mathematical research methods in law are used to calculate and demonstrate quantitative indicators. For example, it can be used to study the number of administrative offences and derive their average for the year. The methods in which the achievements of statistics and mathematics are actively used help to improve the quality of legal actions in legal science and the evidentiary value of coursework and theses for students of law universities.
Cybernetic research method in jurisprudence. The method is used when considering how to automate, process, save or find a way to easily navigate legal information. Technological advances and databases are actively used in this methodology.
Axiological method of research in jurisprudence. The method considers human values as a significant factor in people’s lives. In jurisprudence, it is used to analyze legal elements as value orientations of society, as well as their regulatory functions.
Synergetic research method in jurisprudence. The method is based on the study of legal elements as self-organizing systems. This means that states, laws, and norms are considered not as logical phenomena subject to cause-and-effect relationships, but nonlinear ones that arose independently.
General scientific and private scientific research methods in jurisprudence form the basis for the methodological student’s base. It is worth paying attention to them in the first place, thinking over the methodology of the project.
Special research methods in jurisprudence. Among the methods of legal research in jurisprudence are highly specialized. They are used to understanding complex legal issues. Special research methods in the history of jurisprudence are the following: comparative legal method; formal legal method; method of legal hermeneutics; method of socio-legal experiment.