The Impact and Importance of the Bitcoin Halving Event


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The Bitcoin blockchain protocol incorporates a crucial mechanism known as Bitcoin halving, designed to ensure the cryptocurrency’s long-term viability and value. This procedure happens roughly every four years. It deliberately restricts the supply of new bitcoins created and released into the market. The essence of Bitcoin halving is not just a technical event; it represents the core philosophy of Bitcoin’s economic model: controlled supply to repeat the scarcity and value preservation seen in precious metals.

What is Halving in Crypto?

At its heart, halving Bitcoin is about maintaining Bitcoin’s purchasing power. The protocol is programmed to cut the mining reward in half, thereby slowing the rate of new Bitcoin creation. This event is essential to Bitcoin’s deflationary economic model, contrasting sharply with fiat currencies’ inflationary nature.

The BTC protocol states that Bitcoin’s total supply will never exceed 21 million. Halving events will repeat until the asset reaches its maximum supply, which is supposed to happen in 2140.

Speculators and investors are closely watching the Bitcoin halving countdown, anticipating potential price movements. Each halving event historically precedes a significant fluctuation in Bitcoin’s price, attributed to reduced supply and increasing demand.

Fidelity Asset Management reports indicate significant Bitcoin price surges following halvings:

  • After the initial halving, prices skyrocketed by 10,485% in just 371 days.
  • The second halving in July 2016 saw a 3,103% increase over 525 days.
  • Following the third BTC halving in May 2020, prices leaped by 707% in 546 days.

Why is Halving Needed?

Bitcoin was created as an alternative to traditional fiat currencies, which can be printed in unlimited quantities by governments and central banks, leading to inflation. Bitcoin’s capped supply at 21 million, with the mining reward halving mechanism, ensures its scarcity and potential to increase in value over time. This scarcity principle is what makes Bitcoin a “hard” asset, as hedge funds and institutional investors perceive it.

The effect of halving extends beyond a mere reduction in the rate of new Bitcoin entering the market. It symbolizes Bitcoin’s sustainable and planned economic model, distinguishing it from fiat currencies subject to policy changes and economic pressures. 


Bitcoin halving is a fundamental event that reiterates the cryptocurrency’s principles of scarcity and controlled supply. As we approach the next halving, the crypto community remains watchful and prepares for new earning opportunities.

Jennifer Wilson
Jennifer Wilson
She knows business processes and operations management inside out. As she understands all the challenges of running a small business firsthand, it’s her mission to tackle the topics that are most relevant to entrepreneurs and offer viable solutions.


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